Environmental & Green Chemistry
Environmental chemistry encompasses the study of chemicals and chemical processes within the air, water, and soil. Environmental chemistry is more than just water, air, soil, and chemicals. People in this field use math, biology, genetics, hydrology, engineering, toxicology. Green Chemistry is the adoption of methods and chemistry techniques that minimize or eliminate the use or generation of reagents, feed stock, solvents, by-products, & other hazardous substances that are harmful to human health or environment. Green Chemistry is a passage to synthesize, develop and use chemicals that reduce the risk to human health or environment. As an evolution of pollution prevention initiatives greening chemistry developed a new concept in the business and regulatory communities. To nullify the creation of toxics and wastes, chemists and engineers took initiatives go beyond concerns over hazards from chemical toxicity which includes energy conservation, waste reduction, and other considerations such as the use of more endurable or renewable feed stocks. One of the leading research areas of Green Chemistry is Environmentally benign solvents, which lead to great advancements in chemical reactions. Techniques such as microwave, photo chemistry, ultrasonic synthesis as well as spectroscopic methods & new catalytic reaction processes emerge to advance the goals of Green Chemistry.