Industrial Chemistry & Chemical Waste
The chemical industry is made up of companies producing industrial chemicals. Central to the modern world economy, it turns raw materials (Natural gas, Oil, air, water, metals & minerals) into over 85,000 different products. There is some variation in the plastics industry, as most chemical companies manufacture plastics as well as other chemicals. Several professionals are deeply involved in the chemical industry, including chemical engineers, physicists, lab chemists, technicians, etc. As of 2019, the chemical industry constitutes around 27 per cent of the manufacturing sector in the United States.
Chemical waste is a waste derived from harmful chemicals (mostly produced by large factories). Chemical waste may fall within the scope of regulations such as COSHH in the United Kingdom or the Clean Water Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act in the United States. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) as well as state and local laws also govern the use and disposal of chemicals. Chemical waste may or may not be listed as hazardous waste. Chemical hazardous waste is a solid, liquid or gaseous substance that is either "hazardous" or explicitly "classified" as hazardous waste. There are four features of chemical waste that may have to be considered hazardous. We are Ignitability, Corrosivity, Reactivity, and Toxicity. Every type of hazardous waste must be defined in terms of its origin, components and risks, so that it can be handled and treated safely.